Category Archives: Uncategorized

10 Apr

Still have MySQL 5.6 variable binlog_error_action as IGNORE_ERROR?

Recently, we were affected by an ignored configuration option introduced in MySQL 5.6. This incident caused us to perform extended planning of downtime and the rebuilding of the slave. In this post, we’ll discuss our encounter with binlog_error_action and likely bad default.

The incident started with an alert from our monitoring platform that a check failed to verify a MySQL master’s binary log coordinates. My colleague working from the other side of the globe observed the following:

mysql> show master status;
    Empty set (0.00 sec)
    mysql> show binary logs;
    ERROR 1381 (HY000): You are not using binary logging

Interestingly, the MySQL slave was still reporting that everything was okay!

mysql> show slave status\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
               Slave_IO_State: Waiting for master to send event
                  Master_Host: master
                  Master_User: replicator
                  Master_Port: 3306
                Connect_Retry: 60
              Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000186
          Read_Master_Log_Pos: 1069066810
               Relay_Log_File: mysqld-relay-bin.000245
                Relay_Log_Pos: 1069067004
        Relay_Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000186
             Slave_IO_Running: Yes
            Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
              Replicate_Do_DB:
          Replicate_Ignore_DB:
           Replicate_Do_Table:
       Replicate_Ignore_Table:
      Replicate_Wild_Do_Table:
  Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table:
                   Last_Errno: 0
                   Last_Error:
                 Skip_Counter: 0
          Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 1069066810
              Relay_Log_Space: 1069067296
              Until_Condition: None
               Until_Log_File:
                Until_Log_Pos: 0
           Master_SSL_Allowed: No
           Master_SSL_CA_File:
           Master_SSL_CA_Path:
              Master_SSL_Cert:
            Master_SSL_Cipher:
               Master_SSL_Key:
        Seconds_Behind_Master: 0
Master_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert: No
                Last_IO_Errno: 0
                Last_IO_Error:
               Last_SQL_Errno: 0
               Last_SQL_Error:
  Replicate_Ignore_Server_Ids:
             Master_Server_Id: 23294781
                  Master_UUID: 7e2e60eb-39fb-11ea-a248-005056b589fd
             Master_Info_File: mysql.slave_master_info
                    SQL_Delay: 0
          SQL_Remaining_Delay: NULL
      Slave_SQL_Running_State: Slave has read all relay log; waiting for the slave I/O thread to update it
           Master_Retry_Count: 86400
                  Master_Bind:
      Last_IO_Error_Timestamp:
     Last_SQL_Error_Timestamp:
               Master_SSL_Crl:
           Master_SSL_Crlpath:
           Retrieved_Gtid_Set: 7e2e60eb-39fb-11ea-a248-005056b589fd:50961813-81101493
            Executed_Gtid_Set: 2366bbb5-39fb-11ea-a246-005056b5f82f:1-818,
7e2e60eb-39fb-11ea-a248-005056b589fd:1-81101493
                Auto_Position: 1
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

Guess what my colleague saw in the error log?

    2020-03-18 07:23:50 14694 [ERROR] /usr/sbin/mysqld: Incorrect key file for table '/tmp/#sql_3966_2.MYI'; try to repair it
    2020-03-18 07:23:50 14694 [ERROR] Got an error from unknown thread, /mnt/workspace/percona-server-5.6-redhat-binary-new/label_exp/min-centos-7-x64/test/rpmbuild/BUILD/percona-server-5.6.46-86.2/storage/myisam/mi_write.c:230
    2020-03-18 14:10:46 14694 [Warning] IP address '192.168.0.10' could not be resolved: Name or service not known
    2020-03-19 00:55:59 7f5589a9a700 InnoDB: Error: Write to file (merge) failed at offset 5678039040.
    InnoDB: 1048576 bytes should have been written, only 892928 were written.
    InnoDB: Operating system error number 28.
    InnoDB: Check that your OS and file system support files of this size.
    InnoDB: Check also that the disk is not full or a disk quota exceeded.
    InnoDB: Error number 28 means 'No space left on device'.
    InnoDB: Some operating system error numbers are described at
    InnoDB: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/operating-system-error-codes.html
    2020-03-19 00:57:59 7f5589a9a700 InnoDB: Error: Write to file (merge) failed at offset 3308257280.
    InnoDB: 1048576 bytes should have been written, only 888832 were written.
    InnoDB: Operating system error number 28.
    InnoDB: Check that your OS and file system support files of this size.
    InnoDB: Check also that the disk is not full or a disk quota exceeded.
    InnoDB: Error number 28 means 'No space left on device'.
    InnoDB: Some operating system error numbers are described at
    InnoDB: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/operating-system-error-codes.html
    2020-03-19 13:29:08 14694 [ERROR] /usr/sbin/mysqld: Incorrect key file for table '/tmp/#sql_3966_2.MYI'; try to repair it
    2020-03-19 13:29:08 14694 [ERROR] Got an error from unknown thread, /mnt/workspace/percona-server-5.6-redhat-binary-new/label_exp/min-centos-7-x64/test/rpmbuild/BUILD/percona-server-5.6.46-86.2/storage/myisam/mi_write.c:230
    2020-03-19 13:29:11 14694 [ERROR] /usr/sbin/mysqld: Incorrect key file for table '/tmp/#sql_3966_5.MYI'; try to repair it
    2020-03-19 13:29:11 14694 [ERROR] Got an error from unknown thread, /mnt/workspace/percona-server-5.6-redhat-binary-new/label_exp/min-centos-7-x64/test/rpmbuild/BUILD/percona-server-5.6.46-86.2/storage/myisam/mi_write.c:230
    2020-03-19 13:29:11 14694 [ERROR] /usr/sbin/mysqld: Incorrect key file for table '/tmp/#sql_3966_2.MYI'; try to repair it
    ...
    2020-03-19 15:27:33 14694 [ERROR] Got an error from unknown thread, /mnt/workspace/percona-server-5.6-redhat-binary-new/label_exp/min-centos-7-x64/test/rpmbuild/BUILD/percona-server-5.6.46-86.2/storage/myisam/mi_write.c:230
    2020-03-19 15:27:33 14694 [ERROR] /usr/sbin/mysqld: Incorrect key file for table '/tmp/#sql_3966_3.MYI'; try to repair it
    2020-03-19 15:27:33 14694 [ERROR] Got an error from unknown thread, /mnt/workspace/percona-server-5.6-redhat-binary-new/label_exp/min-centos-7-x64/test/rpmbuild/BUILD/percona-server-5.6.46-86.2/storage/myisam/mi_write.c:230
    2020-03-19 15:27:35 14694 [ERROR] An error occurred during flush stage of the commit. 'binlog_error_action' is set to 'IGNORE_ERROR'. Hence turning logging off for the whole duration of the MySQL server process. To turn it on again: fix the cause, shutdown the MySQL server and restart it.

Further debugging of the issue with PMM, confirmed a spike on the /tmp disk.

PMM Disk Check

PMM Disk Check

The environment here is an active-passive replication with the Orchestrator looking over them and doing its thing. It also has application traffic flowing through a ProxySQL cluster directed to the current active database.

So, What’s the Situation?

  • We need to restart the master to fix this, as mentioned in the error-log.
  • The master is no longer writing binary logs and therefore the slave is broken.
  • Because the slave is broken, it’s no longer able to take over an active position. No backups and no HA.

Here’s a TL;DW (write) summary of solution offered:

  • # Disable recoveries on Orchestrator:
    • orchestrator-client -c disable-global-recoveries
  • # Change database configuration add following variable:
    • binlog_error_action=ABORT_SERVER
  • # Restart MySQL
  • # Verify error log & binary log
  • # Enable global recoveries:
    • orchestrator-client -c enable-global-recoveries
  • # Take fresh backup on master
  • # Restore passive-node (Slave) & reconfigure replication.
  • # Raise /tmp disk partition more than largest table-size.

Bad Default?!

This option was introduced in MySQL 5.6.22 as a solution to the bug report about “mysqld continues operation without logging when binlogs cannot be written!” The default value was “IGNORE_ERROR”. The alternate option is to crash the server with the value “ABORT_SERVER”.

Had it been ABORT_SERVER, we had our SWAT team of Orchestrator and ProxySQL to manage the HA. They’d have performed the failover to the passive-node. Then, the only thing left to resolve this issue is to verify the status of the aborted (crashed) MySQL database server, which, if running at all, would already be demoted to a passive position.

Thankfully, this default is changed in MySQL 5.7.7 and later versions to ABORT_SERVER.

A Task for You!

Here is something for you to do:

For the EOL of MySQL 5.6, we still have almost a year to go. It’s scheduled for February 2021. 

If you’re using MySQL 5.6, go ahead and change the binlog_error_action variable. This is a dynamic change and won’t affect anything in “live.” Make sure you persist it in the MySQL config file.

mysql> SET GLOBAL binlog_error_action=ABORT_SERVER

References

  • https://bugs.mysql.com/bug.php?id=51014
  • https://mysqlserverteam.com/new-option-to-stop-the-server-if-binlogging-fails-in-mysql-5-6/
  • https://jira.percona.com/browse/PXC-2546

p.s. Are you still using MySQL 5.6? Consider upgrading your MySQL sooner than later.

PS2: This blog was originally published on Pythian Blog: https://blog.pythian.com/still-have-binlog_error_action-as-ignore_error/

11 Apr

Reset root password on Galera Cluster (Percona or MariaDB)

We have known methods to reset MySQL root password but in this post we’ll see how that works for a Galera Cluster; may it be Percona XtraDB Cluster or MariaDB Galera cluster.

Basically a Galera Cluster is bunch of MySQL nodes working together in synchronous replication. The user credential is common to all (Ideally of-course)! Let’s see how straight  forward it is to reset password on a Percona Xtradb Cluster lab.

To reset the root password on a standard MySQL instance you may choose either of init-file or skip-grant-tables way. Read More

17 Aug

How to Add Remote MySQL Server to Nagios Monitoring

We already have seen two articles for setting up MySQL Monitoring with Nagios and Percona Monitoring Tools for Nagios. Those posts covers configuration of nagios on single instance.

Though following questions came to me: Do you need to setup Nagios again on all servers that we want to monitor? How do you add another MySQL server to this monitoring?

This post is an answer to those questions.

To add remote server to nagios monitoring, We need NRPE (Nagios Remote Plugin Executor) along with Xinetd (Extended Internet Daemon) and Nagios Plugins to be setup.

(This assumes you have already setup the nagios server and adding new host. Refer links in first line of the article)

Steps to add Remote MySQL server to Nagios Monitoring:

Read More

-- Kedar Vaijanapurkar --